pH (potential of hydrogen) is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution in our body. It is measured on a scale of 0 to 14 -- the lower the pH the more acidic the solution, the higher the pH the more alkaline (or base) the solution. Water is the most abundant compound in the human body, comprising 70% of the body. The body has an acid-alkaline (or acid-base) ratio called the pH, which is a balance between positively charged ions (acid-forming) and negatively charged ions (alkaline-forming.) The body continually strives to balance pH. When this balance is compromised many problems can occur.
The vaginal pH fluctuates between 3.8 to 4.5 levels, slightly acidic. The normal, healthy vagina contains both good and bad bacteria. Normally, the healthy bacteria predominate and they keep the vaginal pH between 3.8 to 4.5 levels. High vaginal pH numbers indicate less acidity, while lower than normal vaginal pH levels indicate high acidity.
Women are going through things that can cause the bad bacteria to overgrow. When this happen the bad bacteria “over controlled” and bacterial vaginosis (BV) may occur. With BV the vaginal pH is usually goes higher to 5.0, 6.0 levels or even or higher to 8.0 in some cases.
Many factors can contribute to overgrow of the bad bacteria, including: pregnancy, menstruation cycle, improper hygiene during menstruation periods, stress, tight clothing, lingerie and lack of sleep. Other risk factors for BV include a new sexual partner or multiple partners, use of antibiotics and more.
If your vaginal pH is above normal, you probably experiencing some of the following signs — itching, excess discharge, and painful urination, symptoms which are similar to those of a yeast infection though typically milder and the most likely reason is that you have bacterial vaginosis (BV) and not a yeast infection. In this case, don't use OTC medications for vaginal yeast infections because the medication does not treat BV. You’ll need to see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Remember: Normal vaginal pH is a crucial factor of good health in women!
Vaginal pH & menopause:
- A pH level of 3.8 to 4.5 is indicative of a normal, properly estrogenic vagina
- In the absence of infection, a vaginal pH of 6.0 to 7.5 is strongly suggestive of menopause.
- Two estrogen-dependent mechanisms appear to play a causative role in the pathologies related to menopause: decreased pelvic blood flow and increased vaginal pH.
- Currently, approximately 44 million American women are of post-menopausal stage. Intimore™ Plus B3 can help enhancing the moisturizing effect at the external vaginal areas. Vitamin B3 with vitamin B3 (also known as: Niacinamide) has been used in skin care products, including moisturizers and anti-aging products.
Lactic Acid Role & how it functions in the vaginal / genital area
Under normal conditions the vagina has a pH of 3.8-4.4 and is colonized by bacteria (lactobacilli) which may have a rule in defense again infection. The lactobacilli help maintain vaginal acidity by producing lactic acid, thereby making the vagina inhospitable to many other microorganisms.
Lactobacillus is one of the main microorganisms responsible for maintaining a healthy vaginal flora. Its production of Lactic acid contributes to the vaginal acidic environment. There are different strains of Lactobacillus able to colonize the vaginal flora, however, those with maximal adherence to the epithelium such as Lactobacillus acidophilus help against bacterial vaginosis (BV) due to their hydrogen peroxide producing capabilities. Bacterial Vaginosis is caused when there is a lack of Lactobacillus in the vaginal flora, allowing various types of microbes to inhabit the environment leading to complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV.
The vagina produces lactic acid naturally. It helps control the pH balance and thus provided a natural defense against irritations, itching, soreness and infection. Lactic Acid is very important in keeping the vagina safe from infection. It works to maintain the perfect balance of bad bacteria and good bacteria in the vagina. It is important to maintain moisture to prevent dryness and irritation.
Until now, whenever the vaginal area hasn't felt quite right, there was very little that could be done - except just carry on.
Intimore can help change this, as Intimore products contain the essential Lactic Acid ingredient who functions as additional protection on daily basis, when the natural produced Lactic Acid in the vagina lowers down. It brings natural protection against intimate irritation.
Conditions of the human vagina differ with changes in life stages (menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause). As conditions change, colonization by microbes commonly found in the vagina also change which can lead to harmful diseases such as bacterial vaginosis and B-streptococcus infections. As you can see, altering the vaginal environment can lead to certain consequences. Thus, it is very important to keep pro-biotic microbes such as Lactobacillus acidophilus (Lactic Acid) present in the vaginal environment because they act to inhibit other microbes that may be harmful to us women. So remember to use Intimore products on daily basis to help keep a healthy and infection fighting vagina!
Source: “Women’s Guide to Vaginal Infections”; National Vaginitis Association